Medication will form part of a wider care plan to reduce the risks of further strokes. Your doctor may recommend medicines that:

  • Reduce the stickiness of blood

Antiplatelet and anticoagulant drugs, such as aspirin, make the blood less sticky, reducing the risk of blood clots, which can cause a stroke.

  • Prevent dehydration

Medical staff may give a patient intravenous fluids to stop them becoming dehydrated, especially if they cannot swallow.

  • Reduce high blood pressure

High blood pressure is the biggest risk factor for stroke. There are five main groups of drugs to lower blood pressure, and most people will need to take more than one of them.

  • Lower cholesterol levels

It is important to lower the cholesterol in a stroke patient’s blood because fatty deposits can narrow blood vessels and increase the risk of a stroke. Your doctor may recommend statins or other drugs to lower cholesterol, but there are also changes you can make to your diet to decrease cholesterol levels.

Stroke survivors are likely to have to continue to take medication after they leave hospital.


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